GIS Professional/Technician

What do they do? Use Geographic Information Systems (GIS) technology in resource-management and land-use planning.

Description: Those working in forestry have a new tool to help them gauge the effects of environmental changes. GIS technology can re-create a forest inside a computer, where complex data can be sorted and analyzed to provide different views into the future. Scientists using GIS technology can create accurate, three-dimensional visual images or maps of forests and test various scenarios before they occur. It’s a good career for people who like technology but don’t want to sit in the back room programming.

Education: An internship is the best way to get started. You have to know computers, database management systems, GIS, and programming languages and certain electives like real estate, forestry, and land use.

Salary: $20,000 to start; more with experience.