Do You Know ...
Match the following words with their meanings by putting the letter of the definition beside the correct term.
- ____ producer
- ____ consumer
- ____ decomposer
- ____ old growth forest
- ____ canopy
- ____ block cut
- ____ selective cut
- ____ high grade
- ____ pioneer species
- ____ keystone species
- a forest that has not been logged where trees are at least 150 years old
- a form of timber harvesting where some whole blocks of trees are cut down, leaving the forest areas around them alone
- the layer formed by the leaves and branches of the tallest trees in the forest
- a plant or animal that takes dead matter and changes it into forest soil nutrients
- timber-harvesting form where each tree cut is carefully selected with regard to its location and possible future effect on the growth of the tree stand
- one of the first species of trees to grow in an old field
- a green plant that uses sunlight and inorganic matter to make its own food
- a dominant species such as the American Chestnut on which many other organisms depend to help them survive
- an animal that gets its energy from eating plants or other animals
- a form of timber harvesting which removes all the best trees and leaves the poorer trees. (This is not a good way of harvesting because it will not produce good seeds or high-quality trees in the future.)
Circle the letter of the best answer.
- Most forests in Kentucky are owned by
- the United States government
- logging companies
- private landowners
- the Kentucky State Nature Preserves Commission
- The reason you see very few American Chestnuts in Kentucky forests today is
- they were all cut down by loggers in the 1800s.
- there never were many American Chestnuts in Kentucky.
- they were killed by a disease called chestnut blight.
- they were killed by Japanese beetles.
- The nuts of the American Chestnut were a very reliable food source because
- the tree flowered very early, during spring frosts.
- the tree flowered late, after the spring frosts.
- chestnut trees produced more nuts than oak trees did.
- the nuts from the American Chestnut were easier to harvest than those of other nut trees.
- A disturbance event is
- what happens when you wake up a sleeping bear.
- something like a fire or disease that disturbs the natural cycles in the forest.
- one plant community slowly replacing another one through natural processes.
- something that only happens when humans cause damage to the forest.
- A food web is
- a diagram of how energy flows through an ecosystem.
- the web that a spider spins to catch its food.
- food, shelter, water, and space.
- another word for succession.
- What is succession?
- food, water, shelter, and space
- one plant community slowly replacing another one through natural processes
- one animal succeeding by eating another animal
- something that disturbs the natural cycles in the forest
- Fill in the blank: The Clear Creek iron furnace used _______________ as its heat source.
- freshly cut timber
- propane gas
- Timber harvesting guidelines and methods that help ensure healthy future forests and prevent or reduce water pollution that could otherwise result from logging are called
- pioneer species
- ecology rules
- best management practices
- Which of the following is not something you would find in an old-growth forest?
- large trees that are 150 years old or older
- a deep layer of leaf litter on the forest floor
- large spaces in the canopy caused by old trees falling
- young, evenly spaced trees
- The endangered fish called the black-sided dace can live in the streams found in Blanton Forest because
- they nest in the roots of the trees that grow by the streams.
- they eat the chestnuts that fall into the water.
- they need the cool, clean water that occurs in this old-growth forest.
- they live by eating an insect that lives only in Blanton Forest.
Answer these questions in your own words.
- Describe some ways that a forest helps to clean and store water.
- Describe the steps in succession, starting with an abandoned field.
- What is an animals habitat? Be sure to list all of its parts.
- Who were the first forest managers in Kentucky? How and why did they make changes to the forests?
- Why is it important to help prevent loss of plant and animal species?