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Viewing Guide: Answers

Kentucky’s first settlement fort was Fort Harrod.

The British had promised the Native Americans in 1763 that the land was reserved for them and said no one could settle west of the Allegheny Mountains.

Many groups of Native Americans [or native people] were familiar with the land we now know as Kentucky. They had a claim to the land.

Fur traders and explorers said Kentucky was a land with everything necessary for pioneer life: thick trees, rich soil, and abundant wildlife.

Captain James Harrod and his men came mostly by water—down the Ohio and Kentucky rivers.

Explorer Daniel Boone came by land, following a trail made by buffalo and Native Americans—through the Cumberland Gap up the Wilderness Trail.

Woodcarvers made furniture, tools, plows, and handles for tools. The woodcarver seen in the video is making a stool.

Fat from meat, called tallow, was used for making soap and candles.

Bark from trees could be soaked and woven to make baskets.

Fort Harrod was built around a spring and close to another which provided water when the fort was under attack.

Fort Boonesborough was close to the Kentucky River.

The small axe called a tomahawk could cut down small trees or be used as a weapon.

If anything made of iron broke, the blacksmith fixed it.

Fires were started with flint and steel.

Trading an animal skin for a tomahawk is an example of barter.

A potter would make jars the settlers needed to can and store food.

Native Americans planted corn, beans, and squash and called them the “three sisters” because they grew well together.

At the hominy block, corn is smashed into cornmeal.

Early settlers grew flax to make linen.

A barn loom weaves threads to make cloth.

Fort Harrod had the first school west of the Allegheny Mountains.

Wooden paddles called horn books were used in frontier schools.

The early settlers at the forts cooperated in their fight for survival.

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