Elements of a performance (Glossary)
The lowest female voice. Sometimes this term is used interchangeably with Mezzo Soprano.
A musical phrase with an ornamental note that is added to the beginning of a main note. The musical phrase is resolved to the main note.
A chord whose pitches are played in succession, usually from lowest to highest.
The middle range male voice.
The lowest range male voice.
Elaborate ornamentation or embellishment of a phrase, either written or improvised.
Italian for painful or sorrowful.
The symbol within the musical score that signals that a note should be held longer than notated.
Italian for very loud.
Italian for humorous, comedic.
The relationships of tones as they sound simultaneously. The literal definition of harmony does not necessarily dictate a pleasing sound, as in the commonly used idea that harmony is a group of notes sounding good together.
Italian for slow.
The text of a work (as an opera) for the musical theater
A middle range female voice.
Italian for very fast
Italian for quiet.
A piece of music performed by four performers.
A collection of pitches arranged in order of lowest to highest or highest to lowest.
The highest female voice.
Notes marked by a dot, played or sung shorter, separate from the others around it, and with a light accent.
The highest male voice.
Rapid alteration of a note with the one next above in the prevailing key or harmony.
A piece of music performed by three performers.