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Electronic Field Trip to an Orchard

Study Guide Questions with answers

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Questions without answers

  1. What is a diversified farm?
    A diversified farm produces several different money-making crops. The Haneys have apples, peaches, tobacco, cattle, and corn. Apples are by far the most important crop for their farm.

  2. What important activity happens in the winter?
    Pruning is the most important activity in the orchard, according to Don Haney.

  3. Why is pruning important?
    Pruning allows sunlight and spray materials to penetrate branches; it also thins the tree.

  4. Why would you wear safety glasses when pruning?
    Safety glasses protect the eyes from flying wood chips.

  5. Which are better for fruit bearing, horizontal or vertical limbs.
    Horizontal limbs are better because they receive more sunlight and air.

  6. Insects beside bees can pollinate, so why would someone rent beehives in the spring?
    Bees are the most dependable insect. They will fly and pollinate in weather when other insects will not.

  7. What is the most important tool for a beekeeper?
    The smoker is important because the bees think their hive is on fire; they then eat the honey they have stored, and do not fly from the hive.

  8. Name some of the jobs of the worker bee.
    The worker bee builds the comb, collects pollen, feeds young bees, stings to protect hive; in fact, the worker bee does 95% of the work in the hive.

  9. Do we have killer bees in Kentucky?
    Killer bees have not arrived in Kentucky yet, and we don't expect them any time soon.

  10. How does the orchard owner make a season last for picking and selling peaches?
    Planting different varieties which mature at different times throughout the spring and summer makes the season for peaches last about six weeks for the Haney Orchard.

  11. What makes a locally grown peach better than one flown in from California?
    A locally grown peach can be tree-ripened and therefore have a much better flavor. A peach from California must be picked green. This locally grown, flavorful peach is an economic niche for the Haneys.

  12. Describe how Mark Haney thins peaches.
    When the branches are covered with tiny green peaches, he whacks the branches when the peaches are about the size of golf balls and all buy a few fall off. The tree should look as though it's decorated like a Christmas tree with ornaments.

  13. What sells an apple?
    Size, color, and flavor are all important in selling apples.

  14. What is the king blossom?
    The king blossom is the largest blossom which produces the largest apple. All the other blossoms should be removed.

  15. Name as many different apple varieties as you can.
    A list of apples and pears varieties grown at the Amerson Farm.

  16. Why would an orchard owner go to a national trade show?
    Growers go to national shows to learn about new varieties and new techniques for growing.

  17. How is the Haney market different from a supermarket?
    The Haney's are able to offer lots of different kinds of apples for lots of different tastes.

  18. How do the Haneys "add value" to their product?
    The Haneys add value by selling apple related products such as pies, caramel apples, cider, and creating a festive, fun atmosphere.

  19. What are some of the things to consider when pricing apples for sales?
    The orchard owner must consider production costs, such as tractors, sprays, bee rental, personnel, and the supply of the crop for that particular year.

  20. Explain why running an orchard is a year round job.
    In the winter the trees must be pruned, the old trees removed, and new ones planted. Many trade shows also occur in the winter. In the spring, bee hives must be rented for pollination, and then the peaches and apples must be thinned. In the summer and fall, fruit is picked and marketed.

600 Cooper Drive, Lexington, KY 40502 (859) 258-7000 (800) 432-0951

Last Updated: Thursday, 03-Dec-2009 11:07:13 Eastern Standard Time