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Into the Fiery Furnace:
Anti-Slavery Prisoners in the Kentucky State Penitentiary 1844-1870

(Footnotes)
by James M. Prichard
  1. Calvin Fairbank, Rev. Calvin Fairbank During Slavery Times. (Chicago: Patriotic Publishing Co., 1890. Reprint. New York : Negro Universities Press, 1969), 149.

  2. Ibid.

  3. "Giltner vs. Gorham et al", 4 McLean (1848).

  4. C.S. Morehead and Mason Brown. Digest of the Statute Laws of Kentucky. (Frankfort: Albert G. Hodges, 1834) II: 1267-1271.

  5. Acts. . .of the Thirty-Eighth General Assembly for the Commonwealth of Kentucky. (Frankfort: Dana and Hodges, 1830) 173-175.

  6. Ibid.

  7. Acts of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. (Frankfort; A. G. Hodges, 1846) 21.

  8. Wilbur H. Siebert. The Underground Railroad from Slavery to Freedom. (New York: The MacMillan Co., 1898) 340-358.

  9. Larry Gara. The Liberty Line: The Legend of the Underground Railroad. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press, 1961. Reprint. The University Press of Kentucky, 1996: 164-194, passim.

  10. Marion Lucas. "Underground Railroad." The Kentucky Encyclopedia. Ed. John Kleber. (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1992) 905.

  11. See entries for Elijah Anderson and Gooden Smith, Kentucky State Penitentiary Register (1861-1866), Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives, Frankfort.

  12. William C. Sneed. A Report on the History and Mode of Management of the Kentucky Penitentiary from Its Origins in 1798, to March 1, 1860. (Frankfort: State Printer, 1860) 75, 155, 207-209, 214.

  13. Judge Walker Reid to Governor Owsley, September 2, 1848 (Box 27, Folder 574), Governor William Owsley Papers, Kentucky Department of Libraries and Archives, Frankfort. (Hereafter cited as KDLA)

  14. Sneed, Kentucky Penitentiary, p. 347, 450, 504.

  15. See Appendix B. Data compiled from Kentucky Penitentiary Registers (1848-1855), (1855-1861) and (1861-1866), KDLA.

  16. Ibid.

  17. See Appendix A. Data compiled from Kentucky Penitentiary Registers (1848-1855), (1855-1861), (1861-1866), KDLA.

  18. Kentucky Penitentiary Register (1848-1855), KDLA.

  19. Kentucky Penitentiary Register (1855-1861), KDLA.

  20. James M. Prichard, "This Priceless Jewell - Liberty: The Doyle Conspiracy of 1848." Paper Delivered at the 14th Annual Ohio Valley History Conference, October 23, 1998.

  21. "Commonwealth vs. William Green." Pendleton Circuit Court Criminal Cases, KDLA.

  22. Ibid.

  23. William Green to Governor Thomas E. Bramlette, ND. (Box 32, Folder 683). Governor Thomas E. Bramlette Papers, KDLA.

  24. "Commonwealth vs. Tom Johnson." Marion Circuit Court Criminal Cases, Box 1, KDLA.

  25. Leslie Combs to Governor Thomas E. Bramlette, March 21, 1865 (Box 13, Folder 276). Governor Thomas E. Bramlette Papers, KDLA.

  26. Louisville Daily Journal. September 16, 1863.

  27. Mattie Johnson to Governor Thomas E. Bramlette, ND. (Box 9, Folder 189). Governor Thomas E. Bramlette Papers, KDLA.

  28. Ibid and Lydia A. Parks Pardon (Box 13, Folder 276). Governor Thomas E. Bramlette Papers, KDLA.

  29. Gooden Smith Pardon (Box 11, Folder 232). Governor Thomas E. Bramlette Papers, KDLA.

  30. Breckinridge County Circuit Court Order Book 15: 581, 615. KDLA.

  31. Madison (IN) Evening Courier, June 15, 1874.

  32. Executive Journal (1870-1871): 59. Papers of Governor John W. Stevenson, KDLA.

  33. Louisville (KY) Courier Journal, April 11, 1870.

  34. Thomas Brown. Brown's Three Years in the Kentucky Prisons. Indianapolis: Courier Company Print, 1857. 15, 19.

  35. Ibid, p. 18.

  36. Ibid, p. 18-19, 21.

  37. Fairbank, Slavery Times: 104.

  38. T. Kyle Ellison. Changing Faces, Common Walls: History of Corrections in Kentucky. Louisville: Office of Corrections Training, 1988. 6.

  39. Fairbank, Slavery Times: 119.

  40. Ibid: 140-142.

  41. Leslie Combs to Governor Thomas E. Bramlette. April 14, 1864 (Box 10, Folder 210) Papers of Governor Thomas E. Bramlette, KDLA.

  42. Fairbank. Slavery Times: 144-147.

  43. Brown. Three Years. 20.

  44. Kentucky Penitentiary Register (1855-1861), KDLA.

  45. Kentucky penitentiary Register (1848-1855), Kentucky Penitentiary Register (1861-1866) and Sneed, Kentucky Penitentiary: 568.

  46. J. Taylor Bradford, et al to Governor Lazarus Powell. Feb. 3, 1854 (Box 27, Folder 576). Papers of Governor Lazarus Powell, KDLA.

  47. Ibid.

  48. "Commonwealth vs. George Williams." (Box 257). Mason Circuit Case Files, KDLA.

  49. Sneed. Kentucky Penitentiary: 568.

  50. Victor B. Howard. The Evangelical War Against Slavery and Caste. Selingrove: Susquehana University Press, 1996: 60, 114-115.

  51. Ibid: 115-116.

  52. Ibid.

  53. Ibid. Sneed. Kentucky Penitentiary: 564, 566.

  54. Siebert. Underground Railroad: 183; "Blacks in and Around Jefferson County." Unpublished mss, Jefferson County Library, Madison, IN.; Madison (IN) Daily Courier, Jan 13, 1880.

  55. Ibid; Madison (IN) Courier. June 20, 1857.

  56. Siebert. Underground Railroad. 183.

  57. "Blacks In and Around Jefferson County;" Trimble County Circuit Court Order Book 3: 170, KDLA.

  58. Madison (IN) Evening Courier, June 15, 1874.

  59. Ibid; Report of the Keeper and Lessee of the Kentucky Penitentiary. . . September 13, 1861. Frankfort: State Printer, 1861. 13.


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